A look at Gemstone Color Trends For 2016

The year 2015 is almost over and the New Year will see new trend in the gemstone colours. Every gemstone has a signature colour shade that symbolises a particular occasion. If you are shopping for a particular gemstone to be gifted on a special occasion, here are top gemstone colour trends that are likely to rule the roost in the year 2016. Experts suggest that the year 2016 is going to be the year for earthly shades and neutral colours. Cool, neutral and pastel shades will continue to rake in highest popularity but the electrifying shades won’t be far behind either.

With each colour trend, you can opt for multiple options. The list contains more than two alternatives for each shade you are shopping from the ornate series of precious and semi-precious gemstones.

Blue and its vibrant variations
Men love blue. If you have something in mind for Father’s Day next year, choose the royal series of blue coloured gemstones. There are many options you can try, but we bring you the top blue complementary gemstones. The sea blue gems are favourite collectibles. The trend will be heavily in favour of:

  • Larimar
  • Blue Opal
  • Moonstone
  • Blue Chalcedony
  • Blue Spinel
  • Blue Pearl
  • Sodalite
  • Benitoite
  • Sapphire
  • Alexandrite
  • Hawk’s Eye
  • Quantum Quattro
  • Blue Aventurine
  • Azurite
  • Blue Agate
  • Blue Smithsonian
  • Jeremejevite

Grassy Green
Green is one of the sunniest colours in the palette. If you are in love with anything that is clear and greenish, gemstone trend in the year 2016 will not disappoint you. The top 10 gems from the green family you should keep an eye on:

  • Peridot
  • Emerald
  • Jadeite
  • Green Opal
  •  Green Spinel
  • Green Zircon
  • Green Sunstone
  • Green Amber
  • Chrome Diopside
  • Unakite

Sunshine Yellow
Yellow gems will rule the season between February and May. Brilliant glint and sheen of yellow gemstones is something you should not miss early next year.
Here are top 10 yellow coloured gemstones that will trend.

  • Yellow Diamond
  • Sphene
  • Yellow Garnet
  • Londonite
  • Danburite
  • Tiger’s Eye
  • Pyrite
  • Amber
  • Yellow Agate
  • Scapolite

Purple gemstones for Wet spells
Have an evening outing? What could be more dramatic than a clear sparkling set of purple gemstones adorning your neckline and ear lobe! Opt for eloquent shades from purple families like Imperial purple, mauve, lilac, violet, lavender and patriarch.
Here are our top choices from the purple gemstone family that you can shop for.

  • Tanzanite
  • Sugilite
  • Iolite
  • Charoite
  • Purple Agate
  • Taaffeite
  • Purple Tourmaline
  • Amethyst
  • Purple Jasper
  • Lepidolite

Browns and champagnes
Blaze through the fashion trends with orange and brown shades. Unlike red and pink, these gemstones are loved for their earthly appeal. Here are top 10 gemstones from the brown coloured family.

  • Moragnite
  • Peach moonstone
  • Quartz
  • Cognac Diamond
  • Labradorite
  • Imperial Topaz
  • Citrine
  • Orange Amber
  • Sardonyx
  • Palm Wood

How Gemstones Are Matched In Pairs?

Why are matched pairs of gemstones so popular and sought after in the fashion industry? The matched pairs are not only hard to blend, but also difficult to cut. A little flaw in either gemstone can send the whole idea to the dumping ground. It requires a lot of precision to produce matched pairs.

How are gemstones paired?
The matched pairs are carefully sorted out from a list of gemstones. The top aspects that lapidartists seek when pairing up gems are as follows.

  • Colour coordination

The two gems should be harmonized eloquently so that there is no dearth of radiance in the pair. Colour coordination is important when it comes to pairing smaller sized gems. It is a challenging task considering the clarity each gemstone radiates when matched together. Poor colour coordination can expose flaws and haziness in the gemstones.

  • Faceting along the same angles

The angle at which the matched pairs are cut should be same. Even a degree of deviation can cause mismatched coordination. Moreover, it can cause disparity in the brilliance expected from the final pair. The matched pairs are always cut from a single piece of rock, sawn into half.
For example, a sapphire weighing 1 carat is faceted with a complementary stone of equal weight. It is always preferred that two smaller stones have a better colour coordination.

  • Specific properties that make it hard to match

Some gemstones are very hard to match. The gems that exude subtle colour variations are very tough candidates in the matched pair portfolio. Tourmaline and Alexandrite are two gemstones that display pleochroism and colour zoning.
Watermelon tourmalines are one of the hardest pairs to match as no two gems are same. When viewed from different angles, they exude distinct colour shades.

  • Good price is always guaranteed

The cost of matched pairs per carat is always higher than the individual rock cuts. Rarity of matched pairs depends on the colour, clarity and cut. Since it is hard to match, there is considerable amount of cutting involved. Since the bigger rock is scrapped to smaller size. To recompense for the material scrapped off, the price per carat of the matched pair is kept higher.
The matched pairs weigh between 1 carat and 2 carat. Larger matching pairs are not preferred for many reasons. The gemstone market deals only in calibrated weight and sizes of matched pairs.

  • Popular matched pairs

The gemstones that are popularly matched and dealt in are listed below.

  • Spinel matched
  • Tanzanite
  • Topaz
  • Tourmaline
  • Morganite
  • Garnet
  • Aquamarine
  • Green Beryl matched
  • Yellow Beryl matched
  • Citrine
  • Kunzite
  • Amethyst
  • Peridot
  • Zircon
  • Matched rubies
  • Matched emeralds

Special matched pairs
There are some gemstones included in the list of special matched pairs. They consist of large sized Aquamarine. The dainty pair weighs 1.85 carats while bigger ones weigh 15 carats.
The special sets are:

  • Dichroic Tanzanite
  • Trichoic tanzanite
  • Calibrated Amethyst
  • Red Colour Spinel Pair
  • Cinnamon Zircon at 7 carats
  • Fancy Spinel in Rose
  • Lemonish Yellow Colour Sphene at 3 carats

A look into Top 5 Gemstone Cuts

When it comes to classifying gemstones, cuts and shapes are the best way to do it. There are different shapes that a particular gemstone can feature. Seemingly, the most popular shapes in the commercial in the gem market are round, oval, pear, marquise, baguette, cushion, heart and tear drop. Classifying gemstones on the basis of their shapes is a hard task, as it often requires the lapidarist to polish the rough rocks into particular patterns. Faceting and finishing give definition to the shape.
Here are some popular cuts that the finished gemstones are classified into.

Brilliant Cut gemstones

Brilliant cuts are faceted through a vertical plane along the axis connecting pavilion to the crown. It is a traditional cut that is common in all shapes of the gemstones. It can be cut into wider facets, which is called as Culet. Girdle pavilion facets cuts are also used in the Brilliant-cut gemstones when there is a remarkable gap between the main facet and the girdle. It is common in the triangular shaped gemstones.

Why brilliant?
Gemstones cut in brilliant exude maximum radiance. They have an electrifying appeal and hence the name.

Diamond cuts

Diamond cuts are called so as they are inspired by the facet cutting of a diamond. It is done for many shapes like oval round and even regular fancy patterns. The diamond cut is very similar to the Brilliant cut but has a specific symmetry and proportion that depends on the shape of the gemstone. Gemstones of smaller size bearing diamond cut are called melee stones. They have limited number of facet cuts and have hazy finish.

Trilliant/ Trillion cut

There is a distinct classification of gemstones with brilliant cuts as well. Classifying a gemstone based on whether it is a round or triangular shaped gave rise to a special cut- Trilliant cut. A brilliant cut made on a triangular gemstone is called Trilliant cut. Trilliant cut is also used to define other cuts like:

  • Cabochons
  • Step cut
  • Plain cuts

Tear Drop Cut

It is a hybrid cut featuring the uniqueness of oval and marquise. It retains the sparkling grace of a tear drop. Most tear drop cut gemstones are carved using hand. They weigh lighter than 3 carats and fitted into pendants and earrings. Another romanticized classification of the tear drop cut is the Heart-cut. The tear-drop cut is given a cleft in the middle so that the gemstone looks like a heart. It has a smooth contour and a well-defined cut line. It has a depth percentage between 55 to 75 percent.

Radiant Cut

Radiant cut is made exclusively on the rectangular and square shaped gemstones.  It maximizes the brilliance of the gemstone by directing the cut towards gem’s depth. It is similar to the Emerald Cut, but done only for linear shapes and not curved ones. Marquis and Navettes are the thinner version of this Radiant Cut. Cushion cut made on rectangular and square shaped gemstones are called Sheild Cut.
Hence, a particular shape can be given more than one cut. This helps in elaborately classifying finished gemstones.

A Look at Top 5 Types of Gemstone Forms

There are many forms of gemstones that are available in the market. Not every form is easily identifiable, especially if you are looking for a gift for someone special. For centuries, craftsmen have mastered the art of cutting and shaping gemstones in eloquent ways to suit every taste. Gem collectors look for a particular range of gemstones when it comes to shapes, cuts, colours, and above all, their forms.
Here are top gemstone forms that you must know, just in case you are planning to gift enticing rock to your loved one.

Cabochon

Simplest form of gemstone that you would find in the market is a cabochon. It looks elegant in its round and polished appearance. The top is slightly flattened while the bottom sits on the surface. The top is polished while the bottom is sanded. Cabochon cutting is done using a special tool called cab or a dopping stick.

Cabochon stone:
Opal, turquoise, onyx, moonstone, and star sapphire

Faceted gems

Faceting is exclusively done for transparent and translucent gemstones. The flat facet of the gemstone is cut and shaped across the total surface. It is a highly symmetrical form and exudes uniform radiance when viewed from 2D and 3D angles. Dopping of faceted gemstones is done using epoxy and acrylic glue wax.
Faceting technique has improved over the years. Today, gemstones are bestowed with concave facets, grooves and cabbed facets to derive absolutely virgin cuts and shapes.

Faceted gems:
Spinel, diamond, amethyst, garnet

Beads, ovals and Spheres

Aquamarines and tourmaline gems are cut and shaped into beads and spheres. They are worn as necklace, pendants and bracelets.

Spheres are sawed into complex shapes resembling a cubed or a dice. Dodecahedron is the world’s largest selling polished gems form manufactured using concave cutters and pipes. Perfect spheres are obtained using a combination of grinding, lapping and sanding. The beads, ovals and sphere gemstone forms are drilled through the centre to make room for stringing.

Gemstones available as beads and spheres:

 Inlays

When two different materials are grooved into each other, it is called an inlay form. It is often done for opaqyue rocks and gems. Gemstone inlay are produced by cutting and fitting it into another material. For instance, Jade, Mother of Pearl, lapis lazuli, onyx, turquoise and cat’s eye is often embedded into a hollow recess of a metal or another stone. Inlays make up for a gift for men and women who are looking for birthstone gemstones, especially those born in months that have two gemstones in their name. Amber and pearl are other gemstones that are commercially thriving owing to their availability in complex and convoluted inlay forms.

Mosaics and Intarisas

Intarsia and Mosaics are complex grouping of two or more different chips of gemstones. They are often fitted and glued together to recreate a particular design. Floral patterns, scenes from Renaissance and painting miniatures garner wide-scale attention from buyers looking for an anniversary or a birthday gift. Florentine mosaic of turquoise, topaz and rubies are very popular much like intaglios and cameos.

A look into stunning Akoya Pearls and what makes them famous?

Pearl is one of the prettiest organic gemstones. While India was once the largest producer and consumer of the pearl gemstone, today Japanese, Arabian and Japanese pearl producers rule the segment. Just two decades ago, Japanese Akoya Pearls contributed to 66 percent of the overall market. Since 2000, the Akoya pearl has faced serious contribution from the Chinese pearls that now produce more than 80 percent of the Akoya Pearls every year. Japanese pearl market has scaled down significantly to about 11 percent.

What are Akoya Pearls?
Akoya pearls are produced from Akoya oysters cultivated in sea water. The white and creamy pearls are common but some manufacturers have managed to produce ‘black’ pearls too. Akoya Pearls are cultured pearls derived from the waters off the coast of China, Korea, Japan, Vietnam and even Philippines. There are many big names dealing in this particular family of pearls. Akoya pearls are known for their consistent colour shade, hardness and roundness. Unlike the Indian and Arabian pearls, Akoya pearls are available in many shades and sizes which make it easier to market them in international gemstone market.
Akoya pearls are classified into two categories:

  • Imperial Pearls
  • Classical pearls

An akoya gemstone will have:

  • Glossy lustre with extremely high reflection
  • Flawless surface finish
  • Deep nacre coating
  • Perfectly rounded shape
  • White appearance with no cloudy or hazy fragments. Rosy or silver overtones are common as well.

When it comes to compare Akoya pearls, there is a standard grading system. Irrespective to their origin, each Akoya pearl bears the same specifications to match international gemstone standards.
Why Akoya pearls are popular?
Akoya pearls are least susceptible to blemishing and yellowing of the surface. Even the low quality Akoya gemstones from Chinese and Japanese pearl fisheries have a good consistency. The following reasons make Akoya pearls popular among international gemstone collectors.

  • Shorter production time, that helps producers meet the high market demand
  • Minimum post-production polishing and gemstone cutting
  • Lower labour cost owing to better quality production
  • Guaranteed price, due to high quality cleaning, bleaching, treating and matching of pearl gemstone
  • Easy machining ability due to consistent surface quality

Where do Akoya pearls come from?

Akoyal pearl rules the gemstone market on account of the sophisticated culture techniques employed across the South China Sea. It is worth noting that the culture of pearl is now done only in dammed sea water incubator. Pollution and diseased waterways influence the way a pearl exhibits colour and shows physical properties. Diseased pearls lack the lustre and have thinner nacre compared to registered incubators.

In the last decade, Chinese pearls have topped as the most consistent profit drivers in the natural gemstone market. The prices remain stable and the quality is also assured. Most pearls tagged as Akoya are machined to a standard 8 mm diameter to ensure consistency in the matching pairs of gemstones.
The Hanadama Akoya Pearls is one of the most prized gemstones in the natural market. A high-class akoya pearl handama strand can fetch up to $3,500.

An Overview Of The Basic Gemstone Cutting Tools

Gem cutting is a novel blend of art and precision. With technology coming into picture, carving a gemstone beautifully as become fairly easy. Merely using a sophisticated tool to cut gemstone does not ensure exclusivity of design. In fact, the machines that are used today owe their origin to the gem cutting tools of the 14th century. In the last five decades, the designs of the machines have hardly changed. Most of them have witnessed introduction of LASER and automation operations though, but the cutting principles remain more or less same as it was in 1970s.

If you look closely at a gem cutting machine from 1960s and a contemporary cutter today, you will find uncanny resemblance between the two units. The setting up of the machine is still the same. Installation of the parts is almost similar. The only difference you would find is the way stone is placed or fed to the system. It could be on an automated holder or a brocket.

Every gem cutting machine will consist of:

  • Lapping plate, also called as a grinder
  • Angle scale to set the cutting tip at an angle
  • Faceting adjustment knob to control the speed and depth of cutting
  • Polishing pads
  • Setting pin to hold the stone at a place
  • Dop to adjust the gem at a particular angle
  • Single needle tip, made of diamond or silicon carbide compound.

The use of multiple needles is restricted to fully automated gem cutters. The trend of Single-needle inclusion technology got prominence with the introduction of laser guided cutting. The most important factors that a lapidartist seeks in a gem cutting machine are:

  • Sturdy construction so that the unit is stable when precision cuts are made
  • Proper ground clearance to maintain balance of cut
  • Proper illumination at the time of cut
  • Guide channels to collect scraped mineral
  • Easy to clean and maintain

If you are looking for a gem cutting machine, these are the qualities and features you just can’t miss. Here is your checklist:

  • Look for a precision dial indicator and stopper system
  • Enquire if the gem cutting machine supports hard-stop and soft-stop cutting technologies
  • If you are planning to use it for batch production of gemstone, look for a 2-Quart drip tank and a coolant carrier
  • Always invest in a heavy duty deck plate body to support mast-type gemstone cutting machine
  • Magnet motors are recommended as they deliver massive torque at all speeds in forward and reversed directions. Moreover, they are easier to control and remain stable at all speeds.
  • Check out the splash bowl. It is important that your machine comes attached with a urethane bowl to ensure cleanliness at work site.
  • Digital micrometer for depth-of-cut adjustment is preferred for professional cutters
  • Make quick angle changes using digital protractor and DOP adjustment indicator.
  • Collect the entire DOP set consisting of 4mm, 5mm, ¼”, 3/8” & ½” flat, cone, and Vee
  • Enquire if it has 96 Indexed gears
  • Life time guarantee is a must!

Learn Gem Cutting Hobby in Quick 3 Steps

In the last century or so, the art of gem cutting has actually turned into a sophisticated technological expertise. Much like the aerospace and automotive industry, gem cutting too is a high precision operation. There are many automatic and manual gem-cutting machines that deliver flawless machining over the rough rocks. One of the most important steps in gem production is faceting, which is carried out using semi-automatic laser cutters and smoothening machines.

 What does a gem cutting machine actually look like?
If you have an eye for perfection and know how to give fine strokes on a soap stone, you too can try gem cutting as a profession. There are many urbane machines for lapidary but the basic components of every machine is the same.
It consists of:

  • Grinding plate/ Lapping face
  • Protractor scale
  • Setting pin
  • Faceter
  • Polishing pad
  • DOP/ Holder

The design of the gem cutters has remained the same since 1970. If you are looking for something sophisticated, there are gem cutters with torch, camera and laser points to guide the angel of cut. They are particularly useful for cutting and polishing of smaller gems, weighing less than 2 carats.

Step-by-step guide to cutting a gem like a professional

Cutting a gem requires short but forceful touch. The depth of cut is what gives precious stones the brilliant look and radiance. Cutting a faceted gem always begins with the selection of the roughest face.
Step 1:
Pick a gem that has stable colour, clarity and has recognizable shape. The hardness and durability are other qualities in the gems that you must know in advance. You may also have to check the internal crystalline property of the stone by observing it under IR and UV microscopes. These tests will give you a clear idea about the properties of gemstone, and whether it will be able to take the gem cutting operation without chipping away.
Step 2:
Study the design in advance. Before starting with gem cutting, swot the symmetry and the type of cut suitable for the gemstone according to the observations made under test. You can choose a rough cut to support a particular gem design as a default setting. The easiest gem cutting sample is the rutilated quartz. You can try tumbling and twist it as per convenience.  Always choose a stone with clear centre so that you can see the light pass through without reflection, when you are done with cutting.
Step 3:
Start grinding away the unwanted parts in 1:2 ratio of depth versus width. Attach the gem to the machine using the ‘dop’ and apply hot wax to prevent slipping of needle. Flatten the bottom of the stone to match the contour with the dop surface. Cut pavilion cuts at 30-45 degrees to create a centre with charming orientation of the gemstone.
Start cutting the crown angles at 26-52 degrees. Your gemstone is ready. All it needs is a polishing with an abrasive cloth or linen for fine touch.

Top 6 Gemstone Rarer than Diamond

Form most buyers, diamond is the number one choice when it comes to gifting their loved ones a priceless ring or a necklace. Some may go beyond the usual diamonds and acknowledge the value of an emerald, rubies or sapphires as valuable gemstones. In fact, diamond manufacturers are often blamed for segregating the gemstone market into precious and semi-precious segments.

Here are 6 gemstones that are truly rarer and definitely far more precious than a diamond!
Painite
Painite was officially the world’s rarest gemstone as per The Guinness Book of World Records. Named after the mineralogist, Arthur C Pain who discovered the extraordinary rock in Myanmar in 1950, Painite has less than 25 identified varieties. Even as new discoveries are being made to dig out varieties of painite and produce it artificially in labs, it continues to be in the top 10 rare gems list.

Tanzanite
Want to know why Tanzanite is in the list? Well, as per the recent studies by mineralogists, Tanzanite is 1000 times rarer than diamond. Found in African nation, Tanzania, this gemstone is extracted exclusively from the foothills of Mount Kilimanjaro. It exhibits pleochroism like Alexandrite. The gemstone exudes a catchy shift in colour when viewed in different intensities of light and across various angles of display. The only reason for its rarity as an exquisite gemstone is the presence of vanadium ions.

Alexandrite
The chrysoberyl gemstones have always been endowed with an element of fantasy. Alexandrite is no different. It deserves to be in this list for its brilliant shift in colours when observed in natural sunlight and in dark. It belongs to the emerald family and exudes the similar greenish blue shade in natural sunlight. When turned to candle light, it shifts its colour radiance to darker purple and scarlet red shade. The dramatic alteration in its colour is bestowed by virtue of a rare combo of ions of Titanium, iron and chromium.

Benitoite
Other than blue diamonds, topazm aquyamarine and Lapis Lazuli, you finally have a choice form the rarest segments of gemstones. Benitoite is quarried from the waters of San Benito River in California, USA. Some extraneous gemstone resembling the variety are also found in Alaska, Arkansas and Japan. The brillaint blue looks electrifying when seen under UV light. It is officially the neon king among all gemstone in the ‘rarer than diamond’ list.

Grandidierite
Grandidierite is an enthralling mineral found on planet’s most exotic location- Madagascar Islands. Its pleochroic properties cover all the shades visible in the rainbow. A carat of Grandidierite can cost you USD 100,000, that too an unpolished uncut variety.

Poudrette
Discovered only four decades ago, the gemstone derives its name from the Poudrette quarry of Mont Saint Hilaire in Quebec. Like Painite, it was not officially considered as a mineral gemstone due to its dark brown shade. It entered the list of rare than diamond only in 2003 when it was thoroughly studied by mineralogists for its physical, crystalline and economical significance. Serandite crystals and Carletonite crystals are also found along with this rare gemstone. It is priced at $1400.00 per carat.

A look at Magnificent History of Briolettes

Briolettes have always been associated with royalty and the nobility. A briolette is an enchanting gemstone cut with elongated facets. It has been very popular since Victorian era owing to its pear-shaped cut. It is worn with strings and hence has drills through it. One of the most popular briolette to grace a royal was the Smithsonian, which weighed a whopping 275 carat. It was gifted to Marie Louise, the consort of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1811. Since then, it has always been associated with royal display of asceticism, sophistication and beauty.

Why Briolette

Briolette derives its name from French word, brignolette meaning “Puny Dried Plum”. Though it looks simple in its appearance, briolette requires extensive cuts and faceting. Any pear shape is not a briolette. Its shape can range from elongated tear to a triangular dew drop. Pear-shaped briolettes are more popular forms as they can’t be manipulated once cut.

Briolette cuts give a fanciful opportunity to gemstone buyers. The popular colours like canary yellow, citrus green, rosy pink, cognacs and champagne hue look brilliant when rocks are cut in briolette facets. Every briolette is unique in its stance and can be easily set apart from the ordinary cuts.

During the 18th and 19th century, briolette stones were cut exclusively in India and New York. The skills required to gain precision stones were limited to Indian craftsmen. It remained a traditional cut and new cutting techniques began to flood the stone market with easier, uncomplicated designs. By end of 18th century, the briolette stone popularity was sky high.

Popular briolette from history that were cut into the shape to satisfy royalty and aristocracy are listed below:

  • India Briolette: This 91 carat gemstone is one of the most mesmeric items of collection. It is huge and brilliant in its posture.
  • Eleanor of Aquitaine, once owned by King Richard the Lionhearted, took the briolette diamond with him to the Crusades.
  • Smithsonian briolette set over the Inquisition necklace majestically flaunts emerald and diamonds over its 16 barrel shaped set-piece. It was exhibited in 1949 as part of “The Court of Jewels” by famous gemstone collector Harry Winston.

Fiery and graceful: Briolette exudes brilliance

Diamond, emerald, lapis lazuli, carnelian, labradorite, rutile quartz, chalcedony, tourmaline, moonstone and onyx are some of the popular gemstones that are cut in briolette. The drop-shaped stone is given a triangular or diamond facet all round its surface. It has a circular cross-section throughout the stone. It is preferred cut for light coloured gemstones with eloquent irradiance. Estate jewellery and antiquated gemstones from Edwardian and Art Deco eras were given elaborate diamond briolette cuts with symmetrical facets.

Re-emergence of Briolette

The love for briolette grew prominence with Art Deco aficionados who took these gemstones to new heights. The bigger rocks were invariably cut into briolette. Even today, briolette gemstone is cut using hands and traditional smoothening tools. Ear-rings, necklaces, pendants and tiaras employ this exquisite piece of gem craftsmanship.

Guide To Different Gemstone Settings

With over a hundred gemstone groups to choose from and thousands of colours to pick, there is only one thing that comes to rescue when you are looking for an immaculate personalized item for collection. Simple gem settings like halo, paves and prongs have been in the gemstone market for centuries and still continue to rule. If you are looking for an engagement ring or a ring for men, you should be able to identify and distinguish between different gem setting types available in the market.
Here is how different gems are set in distinctive pieces of beauty and grace.

  • Prongs and Solitaire settings

This is the engagement ring gem setting preferred for a single stone encrusted or fixed on a metal band or ring. Prong setting for diamonds, rubies, amethyst, garnet, sapphires and topaz is very common as it folds the single stone in place tightly without using too much metal.
Prongs are claw-like holders that can be further classified as:

  • Pointed prongs
  • V-shaped
  • Flat
  • Hooked

V-shaped prong gem setting features exclusively in princess-cut solitaires. It allows more light to pass through the gemstone, magnifying the radiance and brilliance many times over.

  • The Tiffany

The Tiffany gem setting model was conceived by the famous gem makers, Tiffany & Co. in 1886. It is a special type of six-prong gem setting that features a discrete knife-like edge over the shaft and the prongs. It is a patented gem setting exclusively to the brand.
Bezel Setting
Bezel setting for gems is undoubtedly the most preferred look for modern day buyers, especially those who are looking for light coloured stones. It is easy to handle and gives sturdy protection to delicate gemstone settings. The metal rim encircles the gemstone from all sides, and secures it tightly. The rim prevents the rock from three things:

  • Deposition of dirt
  • Scratches due to uneven setting
  • Unsettling of the stone even in thinnest of rim
  • Tension Setting

Tension setting is used for the gemstone when the craftsman wishes to give it a suspended look. The gem rests on the metal band as if it were suspended across the two faces of the shank. It is achieved through lasers and is a high-precision gem setting technique. The band usually has thin grooves so that the gemstone is tightly secured at its place due to the tension of the metal band.
It is comparatively cheap despite its elaborate and complex setting style. It can be used as an added feature even with regular gem setting looks like bezel and pronged ones.

  • Channel Setting 

Channel setting is done for smaller and thinly cut gemstones. It is often done to secure smaller gems set on a band in series. It is very similar to what a flush setting looks like. The gems like rubies, diamonds and topaz are set closely together over the grooves on the channel. Popular styles like stacks and bands are used for thin gemstones as they can’t be set in prongs and bezels.