Clear and colored gemstones are usually cut into typical shapes based on their hardness, size and cleavage factor. Like diamonds, most colored gemstones like sapphire, emeralds, rubies and garnets are cut into a variety of shapes resembling regular geometrical shapes.
If you are planning to buy an engagement ring for your partner, here are 4 gemstone cuts you should be aware of. Based on the type of cut made on the gemstone, the prices vary as well.
1. Round cut:
The round-cut gemstones are the most commonly available collection in the engagement ring series. Almost every gemstone can be cut into the round brilliants. The rounds have been in the market for more than 150 years. They are preferred for their appearance, scalability and safety.
The top varieties of the round cut gemstones are based on six factors:
1. Crown height
2. Pavilion depth
3. Diameter of table
4. Girdle thickness
5. Crown angle
6. Pavilion angle
The crown angle is usually between 33 degrees and 35 degrees.
There are at least 5 different types of round cut gemstones in the market. They are:
• American Standard
• Practical Fine Cut
• Eulitz Brilliant
• Scandinavian Standard
• Parker Brilliant
2. Princess Cut:
The first princess cut gemstone was made in 1980. However, there are many instances where the princess cut parameters has been described by the lapidary artists from Asia in the 19th century as well. For engagement rings, the Princess Cut is the second most preferred cut shape. The princess cut is identified from its 58 facets and is usually set into four-pronged rings for higher stability.
The Princess Cut has a modern touch and it goes well with both engagement ring settings as well as diamond dress rings. It is also the perfect choice for solitaire rings, amulets, bracelets and earrings.
3. Oval cut:
Oval cut is another popular engagement ring cut preferred by mostly European men. The oval is the ideal choice for buyers looking for something that has the strength of a round cut and the beauty of the brilliant cuts. Unique and vibrant, the oval cuts create an illusion of heaviness by virtue of its crown angle. The length to breadth ratio ranges between 1.35 and 1.5.
What is the best oval cut gemstone? Any gemstone with no cutlet and very thin girdle with depth percentage of 58% is considered as an excellent oval cut stone. It is best to buy a gemstone between 0.5 carat and 1.0 carat.
4. Cushion cut:
Cushion cut is an ancient gemstone cut made fairly popular by diamond and sapphire dealers from India, Sri Lanka and Myanmar. The first cushion cut made its entry into the diaries of the top gemstone sellers in the 17th century. Cushion cuts are identified from their square body and curved corners. Well-known diamonds are usually cut in cushion cut. Engagement gemstones now have a wide range of cuts embracing the beauty of the cushion cut and the round brilliants.
: Cushion cut . Oval cut . Princess Cut . Round Cut Gemstones