The first thing any gemstone would ask to a seller is its authenticity. Price, cuts, properties and other aspects come much later. However, smart gemstone sellers use a veil of technology and flawed certifications to sell their items, at exaggerated prices. How widespread is the fraud practices in the gemstone is irrelevant? They exist, and they can be identified if you understand what gemstones are all about.
Here are 6 gemstone shopping tips to save you from the fraudsters.
1. Types of fraud practices:
The major issues that hunt gemstone market are—
- Undisclosed gemstone treatments, enhancements, and dyeing
- Substitutions by synthetic/ hybrid/ semi-natural gemstones
- Wrong carat measurements
Once you identify that these are possible areas where sellers may dupe a customer, it is always easy to stay clear of them.
2. Sales and discounts—tread with care:
Most gemstone sellers put up their items on sale during festive seasons. Not all gemstones would be natural or original. Ensure that you buy them from authentic sellers who have a standard reputation in the market. Never ever replace your original gemstones in your collection with something you are getting on offer.
3. Read the label:
Even if the seller recommends you to buy a particular gemstone, ensure that you read the label carefully. The label carries all information that is required to establish the story of the gemstone. It should necessarily carry details about—
- Name of the gemstone
- Weight in carats at the time of mining, and after cut
- Number of processes/enhancements
- Types of enhancements
- Gemstone colour and clarity
- Refractive index
All these factors are mentioned in print and backed by lab testing done by certified agencies that are authorized to support gemstone seller’s business claim.
4. Return policy:
Check if the seller offers the return policy on every sale made. Make sure you deal with a seller who offers the return policy, of course, within terms and conditions. It will save you the hassle in case the gemstone loses its sheen, cracks up or turns into a dull stone, despite promises of being sold as an original item.
5. Buy gemstones from a cutter:
It is always safe to deal with a gemstone seller who has a cutting lab in place. Commercial gemstone sellers often overlook the importance of having a cutting lab in-house. Dealers selling gemstones sourced from Brazil, India, China, Burma and Australia often lose their customer base owing to their ignorance about cutting techniques. Even if they do claim about a lab in place, ensure that it is the certified lab.
6. Read the fine lines:
Is the gemstone cut before treatment, or after? The answer is enough to suggest that the item is flawed or perfect. It is okay to buy a flawed gemstone that is natural, rather than claiming something that looks perfect, but is artificial! Gemstones cut after heat treatment only means that they are artificial, and manufactured in mass volumes. However, there are no specific signs to tell the actual story of the gemstone.
Read the details again for further clarification.
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Hebrew and Christian scriptures mention the significance of many gemstones. We bring you 6 gemstones that are revered heavily in the religion and mentioned auspiciously in Bible.
This is a reddish orange gemstone, belonging to the family of neo-silicates. It is actually a variety of zircon and resembles the purple hyacinth. It is cleared referred in Exodus 28:19 as the first stone of the 3rd row in top priest’s breast-plate. It is referred to in the bible to describe the colour in itself, reference -Revelation 9:17.
It is the name given to the gemstone studded in the third row of the high priest’s breastplate following jacinth. This is a form of chalcedony revealing bands of diverse colours in red, yellow and blue. In Bible, Agate Gemstone is referred to as shebo, Shebo means to be engulfed in fire. First agates were mined from Iran and Iraq, and remain the oldest source of the gemstone even today. Agate is referred to twice in Bible, Exodus 28:19 and 39:12.
A magnetic and alluring gemstone, Amber is one of the organic stones ever known to man. It is a fossilised resin available in champagne yellow and orange-brown colours. It is mentioned in Ezekiel (Ezek 1:4, 27; 8:2) symbolising the God’s brilliance and aura. Ancient Greeks called the amber gemstone as “electrum”, due to its property of getting charged when rubbed on a surface. One of the oldest gemstones, amber is the most valued organic gemstones alongside the likes of pearls and coral.
Mentioned extensively in Exodus 28:19, 39:12, Rev 21:20, amethyst beads are quartz known for it rich reddish purple hue. It has pleochroism effect, meaning it can reveal more than one colour when viewed from different angles. It could be mauve, violet or light pink. It is the 3rd stone in the 3rd row of the high priest’s breastplate, and revered as the “medicine stone”, finding its way into the list of stones associated with the foundation of the New Jerusalem. It is called “dream stone”, the “stone for the drunk” and “God’s will stone” for its charming colour and hardness.
5. Aquamarine beryl:
A bluish-green beryl that is linked to the eighth stone of the New Jerusalem, Aquamarine beryl is a rare gemstone, but still managed to find its entry into Bible in Revelation 21:20. Named after the pristine blue seawater, Aquamarine is mined from deepest pockets in the earth’s crust. With a hardness of 8, it can be scratched and cut only using diamond. It is dichroic in nature, revealing two different colours when viewed at an angle. It can be easily cut into fancy crystals, and hence loved by global gemstone collectors.
Also called Sardius, it is mentioned in Exodus 28:19, 39:10; Rev 4:3, 21:20, as the 6th stone of New Jerusalem. In Hebrew, it is referred to as Odeam which means red stone. Carnelian gemstone is also the first stone of breast plate and often related to the garnet or red jasper.
: Carnelian Gemstone Beads . Aquamarine Gemstones . Amethyst Beads . Amber Gemstones . Agate Gemstone
Like all naturally occurring gemstones, emeralds and sapphires too have their own set of physical flaws that affect the quality, clarity and price of the gemstone. As emeralds and sapphires are formed under intense temperature and pressure under the earth surface, they are susceptible to severe faults. Often regarded as the “birthmarks” by gem experts, the emeralds and sapphires are inflicted by major blemishes when compared to the diamonds.
For buyers looking for top grade emeralds and sapphires, here are 5 things to do to get maximum worth from cut gemstones.
The inclusions are extraneous constituents that enter the crystal lattice during the formation of the gemstones. It is hard to detect a crystal flaw by the naked eye but can be picked under a 10x magnification microscope. Sometimes the gemstones collect another gemstone inside its crystal structure leading to the formation of lighter or darker inclusions. Highly undesirable, the crystal flaws can be removed by heat treatment; however, it is mostly cut into smaller briolette to save the cost of material.
Emeralds and sapphires acquire flaws in the form of cavities that look like a crevice. The cavity usually appears due to the cracks along a straight line running parallel to the crystallographic planes. These fault lines lead to the formation of cleavages which can break away further if force is applied on them. They should be avoided especially for setting on prongs and rings.
The flaws appear during gem cutting when the angle of cut is too close to the girdle. Also called “dig marks”, bearding is particularly visible in light colored gemstones. They are blamed for further reducing the brightness of the deep colored sapphires and emeralds. It is possible to clear these flaws by polishing and dyeing to improve the luster.
4. Needles and cloud:
Rules or needle inclusions are common blemishes that impact the value of a natural gemstone. If the gemstone is set to be cut into fancy shapes or faceted cubes, the needles and cloud devalue the price of the gemstone by 75%!
When two or more needles occur too close inside the crystal, they form a cloud-like haze. These formations are undesirable, and hence largely avoided in the commercial market.
Owing to the presence of hydrocarbons in the earth’s crust, the naturally occurring gemstones may acquire carbon impurities inside their crystalline structure. Much like diamond gemstones, emeralds and sapphires too lose their value if carbon spots appear on the surface. The carbon flaws may exaggerate the cleavage if the gemstones are heated artificially. The carbon spots can be picked with naked eyes.
What to do if you find gemstones with these flaws?
The gemstones are graded into different categories based on the kind of display they exhibit after the polishing process. Buyers must check the tag of the gemstones for the following mentions:
• Very Good
If you anyhow end up with a gemstone that is good, fair or poor in quality, the only option left is to cut the gemstone into Fancy shapes and try to retain the brilliance.
: Diamond Beads . Emeralds gemstones and sapphire gemstone beads
The gemstone clarity chart is the most useful guide that a buyer can lay hands on. The clarity is important deciding factors in the buying of gemstones. Other factors like cut, color and carat. Of course, carat is the first thing to check during the buying process, clarity and color too play a very important role. While many buyers get confused between clarity and color, both terms are distinct and must be studied in detail before transactions.
Let us make a quick trip into how to establish the clarity value of a gemstone.
What is clarity of the gemstone?
Clarity is defined by virtue of the presence of inclusion, carbons and blemishes inside and outside the gemstone surface. A high-clarity gemstone will have little or no inclusions. Higher the clarity value of the gemstone, greater price it will fetch.
The gemstones are traditionally classified as flawless, transparent, translucent and opaque.
The clarity value is largely established by studying the gemstone with naked eyes or under powerful microscope with minimum 10x magnification. The clarity values are affected by the following types of inclusions and blemishes:
• Lines and faults
• Grains and bearding
• Carbon spots, knots and breaks
How is the gemstone evaluated on clarity?
Gemstone dealers use the Gemstone Clarity chart to establish the quality of clarity. The gemstones are classified under following six clarity categories.
2. Very slightly included
3. Slightly included
4. Internally flawless
6. Very Very Slightly Included
While Flawless is the most valued gemstone clarity rating, the included gemstones don’t often make it to the commercial gemstone market. They are mostly used in jewelry or subjected to severe heat treatment to hide away flaws.
In any way, the dealers have to necessarily mark the gemstones with clarity tag to help customers make the right choice.
Who develops the clarity chart?
The clarity chart is followed all over the world. There are different clarity charts used by different gemstone grading agencies like GIA, AGS, IGI and CIBJO. The clarity grades for briolette, faceted square, faceted cube, heart-shaped and pear gemstones are tagged between 0 and 10.
Gemstones like diamonds, emeralds, rubies and sapphires with 0 rating are considered flawless; the ones with clarity value of 10 are worst and should be categorically overlooked.
The gemstone clarity grade charts are developed by studying the gemstones under binocular stereo microscope under dark-field illumination.
Can clarity be enhanced artificially?
Yes, gemstones can be engineered to regain better clarity. The most popular technique employed in modern times is the LASER drilling method. It is like blowtorch used to burn out the blemishes and inclusions, and reengineer the gemstone into a fine, flawless item of collection.
Buyers should however stay away from the gemstones that are tagged as fracture-filled or clarity enhanced. No gemstone clarity agency rates a fracture-filled gemstone. Consider these smart tips while buying gemstones.
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How many times have you lacked an optimistic approach towards something?
We believe no matter how worse the situation is, if a person is optimistic, it becomes easier for him to come out of it. Positive attitude is extremely important towards any sort of crisis in life. This is exactly where Aventurine gemstone comes into the picture.
This stone is quite famous for the way it boosts the positive attitude of an individual. Of course it doesn’t happen overnight, but after a few days of wearing this stone, an individual realizes the importance of surrounding himself with optimistic energies.
That’s not all about this stone; it also enhances self-confidence. We are sure you know the connection between self-worth, self-confidence and positive attitude. The day an individual starts valuing himself is the day his confidence level enhances and the day he is more self-confident is the day he surrounds himself with happy energy.
If you want to know more benefits of Aventurine gemstone beads, you have come to the right place. Read below:
• Aventurine gemstone helps the individual fight skin problems: Acnes and pimples can make you look terrible. If you are looking forward to go on a wonderful date with your partner, you might want to work on your skin first. Thanks to Aventurine gemstone, you don’t have to dwell in the depression of having acnes or pimples on your face.
• If your child is hyperactive, this is the stone that can calm his energies: Hyperactive children are commonly found these days. It is difficult to manage and channelize their energies. When a hyperactive child wears this gemstone, he is observed to be peaceful and subtle.
• On the other hand, this stone increases the energy of a dull teenager: While destructive hyperactivity in children is controlled by Aventurine gemstone, the same stone raises the energy in dull teenagers. This proves that this gemstone believes in balancing energies rather than focusing on simply increasing or decreasing the same.
• This gemstone is known for its benefits for the heart of the individual: Cardiac issues can disturb your life, but not when you are wearing Aventurine gemstone.
• It improves typing skills in an individual: Do you work on computers, often? It has been observed that people who wear this stone have fantastic typing skills.
• This sea-green colored stone helps in bringing down the short-temperateness in an individual: Short-temperedness is a disease! In fact, people start fearing or making fun of those with this problem. Most of the short-tempered people are suggested to wear Aventurine gemstone to bring a control on their anger.
Aventurine gemstone has physical, emotional and spiritual healing energy. If you are into Chakra meditation, this is the stone that can help you balance and cleanse the Heart Chakra (the center Chakra) in your body. It acts as a shield, blocking the entry of any other individual trying to tap into your energy. This means that the negative energies of people stop influencing your behavior and mood when you wear Aventurine gemstone.
: Aventurine gemstone beads
Incredible neat, clean and exquisite, the Barion Cut is one of the most enticing faceting done on gemstones. Introduced in the 70s, there have been only 5000 rubies, diamonds, and emeralds that have been given a Barion Cut. What makes this gemstone faceting is its mixed origin. While most experts believe that the Barion Cut owes its origin to the Princess Cut, others prefer to link its association with the Rose cut.
Let us dig deeper into what Barion Cut gemstones are all about?
Who introduced the Barion Cut?
The first recorded account of the Barion Cut is given by famous gem-cutter, designer, and author Basil Watermeyer. Named after his wife, Marion, the Barion Cut is the perfect example of how polish and cut brings out the most fascinating aspect of gem cutting. Cut around in an octagonal square, the gem has a total of 62 facets. 29 of them are made on the pavilion and 8 on the girdle. Very similar to the Radiant Cut, the Barion has a characteristic cross symmetry visible at the center.
Why is Barion Cut made?
The Barion Cut gems are originally dull and flawed. The poor symmetry of the gems is corrected by cutting the stone along the flawed grains and inclusions. The symmetry of the Barion Cut ensures that maximum light passes through the center of the gemstone, creating a rather enthralling brilliance. Though it involves significant removal of the material, Barion Cuts are preferred over the conventional Round Brilliants and Fancy cuts when it comes to derive the highest value per-carat.
How to identify a Barion Cut?
Thanks to its unique configuration of table facet, the Barions can be easily identified from its crescent-shaped facet at the girdle and corrugated pavilion resembling floret pattern. The floret edges converge with the moon-shaped facets creating an illusion of depth. When the Length-width ratio increases, the brilliance automatically improves too.
How to choose a Barion cut?
Barion cut is best for gemstones with light colors and many flaws on the surface and inclusions. After faceting, the gemstones often end up with a rather dark hue due to higher number of facets and deeper girdle. Before choosing the Barion cut for a particular gemstone, the lapidary artist must ensure that the stone is sufficiently large to accommodate the number of fan-shaped facets.
It is a tough task setting the Barion cut gemstones owing to their deep girdle. In fact, if the moon facet is more than 68 degrees, the Barion Cut gemstones will never set in perfectly. They are often replaced by smaller Princess cut or Asscher cut.
What are the popular Barion cut designs in the market?
Barion Cut gemstones are usually preferred for engagement rings, beads, rosaries, anklets and bracelets, tiaras and broaches. Diamond Barion are perfect accessories when it comes to sporting them on the fingers. However, given their rather large girdle width, they are reserved for pendant and necklace items.
Popular Barion cut designs are faceted square and faceted cube with truncated square edge.
: Barion cut gemstones . faceted square . faceted cube
There may be hundreds of different types of stones and gemstones in the world, but Amber is popular for the kind of unique properties, appearance, and benefits it has. It is known for its influential powers on sacral and solar plexus Chakra in the body. It is popularly known as The Gold of the Sea.
It is created by light and life, nurtured by time and nestled on the shores for humans to use. People have been reaping the benefits of this stone right from the Stone Age. Back then, it was appreciated for its warm color of the sun and worn as a magical piece of jewelry.
Now let us move to the amazing benefits of this stone:
• Amber is known as a natural purifier: Wearing this stone can keep you away from different minor health and mind related issues, which can turn major in future.
• This stone absorbs negative energies and transforms them into positive energies: While most of the stones guard your body against negative energies, this stone absorbs the negative forces and transforms them into positive and beneficial forces for you.
• It works miraculously for people going through depression: People have started taking depression seriously these days, thanks to which a control has been put on the rate of suicides. Amber keeps you away from depression and suicidal thoughts.
• Amber gemstone beads allow an individual to pass a grieving process in an easier and comfortable manner: If you have lost someone in your life, Amber allows you to move on in a better way.
• If one is going through tremendous problems in his relationship, this is the stone that can help him survive his marriage or bond: Have you been fighting too much with your partner? Amber promises to enhance understanding between the two of you.
• Amber relieves anxiety and boosts the mood of an individual: The moment you feel you are depressed or in a bad mood, rub this glorious stone and in a few moments your mood is back to its normal state.
• Amber not only purifies an individual’s body but the whole environment: This stone improves your Chakras and purifies you. Along with that, it improves the environment you are living in. It feels the surrounding with positive energy.
• This stone helps in developing an energy field around an individual, improving his aura: Aura is the energy that surrounds your body. Amber cleanses our aura, allowing people to get attracted to your optimistic attitude, pure thoughts, and positive behavior.
• Amber treats liver, kidney, spleen and gallbladder issues in an individual: From kidney stones to gallbladder problems, several health related issues can be treated with the help of this stone.
The most wonderful thing about Amber gemstone is that it not only heals the energies in an individual’s body but also balances them. It ensures to improve the emotional and spiritual energy, welcoming positive thoughts and happiness to your life.
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Do you love flying, sailing, trekking and camping in different parts of the world? Travelers have a totally different approach towards life. Carefree, casual and unmindful about the hidden dangers of traveling to places less known travelers have hundreds of impending danger that can cut their journey short in no time. That’s why astrologers recommend the travelers to wear the special set of gemstones to keep them safe and ensure friendly transit across different regions of the world.
Here are 5 gemstones highly trusted by the travelers.
Moonstone is the most revered gemstone that every traveler must adorn to ensure safety in air, land, and sea. Also called the sailor’s stone, moonstone is a powerful gemstone that can guarantee sure shot benefit to individuals who work as pilots, sailors, and travel photographers.
Moonstone gemstones are available in the variety of colors like white, pink and yellow. Whether you love to travel often to other countries or just to your regular workplace, the moonstone is a great accessory for safety in transit.
An ore of copper, malachite is also a very powerful gemstone specifically labeled as the Traveler’s talisman by many astrologers. It is a guiding stone that protects every camper from accidents and catastrophes. It must be handled with care as it is easily scratched by other minerals. It can be scratched by the even glass. Due to its low hardness, malachite is often carried as small buttons and beads.
Amethyst is a variety of quartz identified by its purple color. It is traditionally referred to as the traveler’s best friend owing to its ability to repel negative energy. Wearing amethyst in any form keeps the robbers and miscreants away. While traveling to lesser-known places in the world, amethyst beads prove to be the guiding force.
The value of amethyst beads can be understood from the fact that Egyptian travelers wore the gemstone in their foreign escapades. Spanish and Portuguese sailors kept amethyst crystals to pacify the resurgent sea waves and overcome stormy weather in the middle of the mighty seas. Boats and jets are often studded with amethyst to keep them safe from lightning bolts.
Like malachite is a mineral ore of copper metal, labradorite is an ore of iron. It belongs to the family of feldspar. Labradorite gemstones exude a special optical phenomenon called Labradorescence, which is also called spectrolite. Before the invention of the compass, labradorite was used as the quintessential navigation tool by travelers, sailors, and herdsmen. Polished labradorite helps build the harmonious relationship with the locals who often extended hospitality to the travelers.
5. Black onyx/ Black tourmaline:
Known to guide travelers onto the “right path”, black onyx is worn with rainbow moonstone to magnify the intuitive powers. The stone takes the campers beyond the usual realms of the physical and psychic world. To ensure safety against the evil forces and the influence of spirits on travel plans, the travelers wear bracelets made of black onyx. Black tourmaline is a reliable alternative to onyx and moonstone pair.
: Amethyst beads . Black tourmaline . Moonstone gemstones
Strong relationships exemplify the quality of life. The interaction of one human with another is based on many factors like social background, moral ethics and professional etiquettes. However, many individuals fail to build and sustain their relationships beyond a certain level. Failed relationships are not only detrimental to the self-confidence of the persons; it is also bad for health. That’s why astrologers recommend individuals with failed relationships to consider gemstones to soothe their attitude towards life.
Here are 4 gemstones that heal relationships with guaranteed results.
Peridot gemstone was worn by the kings and high priests in the ancient era. Rightly called the Healer’s Stone, Peridot can heal virtually any strained relationship in a very short time. Estranged couples are reunited with each other after wearing peridot. It is a miraculous gemstone with assured results in dealing with strained relationship with family members.
Peridot, owing to its yellow-green color is believed to influence the functioning of the liver, kidneys and the lungs. Individuals who suffer from failed relationships often fall into the addiction trap. They smoke, start drinking or do drugs to overcome the pain of break ups. Peridot can shield a person from such cataclysmic events.
Are people questioning your faithfulness in relationships? Are you fighting it hard to retain the loyalty factor in your day to day life? If yes, pick amber as your savior gemstone. Amber is the fossilized plant sap that has turned into a gemstone. Highly revered for its purity and clarity, amber is the cleansing stone that promotes relationships and fortune.
Ruled by the planet Sun, amber gemstone beads can be worn to strengthen the karmic action following a break-up or loss of the person.
Azurite is a shimmering blue gemstone that has found its way into the market owing to its iconic appearance. A divine stone, by all means, wearing azurite clears the confusion and doubts arising in a relationship related to infidelity, poor communication, and mistrust.
Azurite beads are often worn to spark intuition about the partner’s intention in the relationship. While it is not fair to judge any person, azurite is the ‘secret weapon’ that has the ability to diffuse initial doubts about people. Ideal for businessmen and people engaged in legal affairs, azurite symbolizes the ‘third eye’ of Lord Shiva.
4. Pink Tourmaline:
This is the absolute ‘girl power’ that every woman must adorn to protect their relationship interests. For women living under constant doubt about the intentions of their partners, pink tourmaline is an excellent accessory. It heals the relationship by mellowing the damaged dimensions.
Pink Tourmaline gemstone improves the confidence even during the roughest and toughest phases of the relationship. The gemstone is basically a physical healer that induces positivity towards life. For women suffering from hormonal disorders, wearing tourmaline can ease the pain that comes with disrupted intimacy.
What are the other options?
Astrologers specifically recommend a set of recognized gemstones to overcome relationship disruptions. Blue sapphire, pink Kunzite, malachite, and ruby are other popular relationship healer stones.
: Amber Gemstone Beads . Azurite beads . Pink Tourmaline gemstone . Blue sapphire gemstone
Clear and colored gemstones are usually cut into typical shapes based on their hardness, size and cleavage factor. Like diamonds, most colored gemstones like sapphire, emeralds, rubies and garnets are cut into a variety of shapes resembling regular geometrical shapes.
If you are planning to buy an engagement ring for your partner, here are 4 gemstone cuts you should be aware of. Based on the type of cut made on the gemstone, the prices vary as well.
1. Round cut:
The round-cut gemstones are the most commonly available collection in the engagement ring series. Almost every gemstone can be cut into the round brilliants. The rounds have been in the market for more than 150 years. They are preferred for their appearance, scalability and safety.
The top varieties of the round cut gemstones are based on six factors:
1. Crown height
2. Pavilion depth
3. Diameter of table
4. Girdle thickness
5. Crown angle
6. Pavilion angle
The crown angle is usually between 33 degrees and 35 degrees.
There are at least 5 different types of round cut gemstones in the market. They are:
• American Standard
• Practical Fine Cut
• Eulitz Brilliant
• Scandinavian Standard
• Parker Brilliant
2. Princess Cut:
The first princess cut gemstone was made in 1980. However, there are many instances where the princess cut parameters has been described by the lapidary artists from Asia in the 19th century as well. For engagement rings, the Princess Cut is the second most preferred cut shape. The princess cut is identified from its 58 facets and is usually set into four-pronged rings for higher stability.
The Princess Cut has a modern touch and it goes well with both engagement ring settings as well as diamond dress rings. It is also the perfect choice for solitaire rings, amulets, bracelets and earrings.
3. Oval cut:
Oval cut is another popular engagement ring cut preferred by mostly European men. The oval is the ideal choice for buyers looking for something that has the strength of a round cut and the beauty of the brilliant cuts. Unique and vibrant, the oval cuts create an illusion of heaviness by virtue of its crown angle. The length to breadth ratio ranges between 1.35 and 1.5.
What is the best oval cut gemstone? Any gemstone with no cutlet and very thin girdle with depth percentage of 58% is considered as an excellent oval cut stone. It is best to buy a gemstone between 0.5 carat and 1.0 carat.
4. Cushion cut:
Cushion cut is an ancient gemstone cut made fairly popular by diamond and sapphire dealers from India, Sri Lanka and Myanmar. The first cushion cut made its entry into the diaries of the top gemstone sellers in the 17th century. Cushion cuts are identified from their square body and curved corners. Well-known diamonds are usually cut in cushion cut. Engagement gemstones now have a wide range of cuts embracing the beauty of the cushion cut and the round brilliants.
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