The gemstone market is flooded with artificial lab-manufactured gemstones that have the similar appearance as the original ones.
Here are 3 top gemstones with their cheaper substitutes. The effect of these substitute gemstones is found to be same or similar as the primary gemstone (also called as mula ratna).
Yellow sapphire is also called as Pukhraj or Peeta mani due to its conspicuous yellow tinge. It is believed to strengthen the effect of planet Jupiter. With gold, Yellow Sapphire forms a formidable pair guaranteeing long lasting wealth, fortune, good health and marital bliss. However, it is a rare gemstone and hence, comes a rather obnoxiously high cost. The per carat price of yellow sapphire could be anywhere between $300 to $45,000 depending on the source, color and the consistency of the gemstone.
The top substitute for the yellow sapphire is topaz. Yellow topaz has more or less similar benefits as that derived by wearing Yellow Sapphire. Citrine gemstone is also a very effective cheaper substitute for Pukhraj.
Healing properties of yellow sapphire substitutes:
- Cures kidney stones
- Improves metabolism
- Calms mind and instill self-confidence
- Cures insomnia and heart-related ailments
- Boosts finances
Blue sapphire is an enchanted gemstone associated with the planet Saturn. Also called as Neelam, meaning blue in Sanskrit, this gemstone is known to cure almost every misery known to the mankind. However, blue sapphire can also augment bad luck if worn at the wrong time or if it is of an unapproved size.
That’s why many astrologers prefer to recommend their followers cheaper substitutes that have the milder effect than blue sapphire. In addition to the effects, these substitutes are also readily available and cost way lesser than the mula ratna—Blue sapphire.
The top blue sapphire substitute is Iolite. It is commonly referred to as Shanpriya meaning “beloved of the Saturn God.” Another top substitute with enthralling effect as the Blue Sapphire is the Amethyst. Both Iolite and Amethyst ward off the evil spirits and alleviate poverty.
Warning: As per astrological guidelines, blue sapphire, Amethyst, and Iolite should not be worn with red coral, ruby or pearl.
Diamond is the hardest known naturally occurring material on Earth. Since time immemorial, diamonds have served and ruled the gemstone collection of aristocratic families all over the world. Most religions quote diamond as the purest and most powerful gemstone with the aura to heal infertility, aggression, and pain.
In recent time, top diamond substitutes to flood the market are the Cubic Zirconia, also called as American Diamonds. While zircon may not be as hard as diamond, they are just as effecting in healing and curing astrological issues as the mula ratna.
Not long ago, most gemstones that were artificially synthesized were dusted off the market due to their notorious reputation. However, with new lab testing regulations and market value, even the cheaper substitutes of the gemstone are making the equally strong statement on the collectors’ edition.
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Gemstones are quintessential accessories for every man and woman. A top quality gemstone jewelry collection is one that matches the attire in your wardrobe. Crafted to complement with every personality, gemstone jewelry never go out of fashion. They add a magical sparkle to the whole idea of showcasing power, wealth and happiness. However, despite centuries of gemstone jewelry fashion to look up to, buyers often fail to live up to their own expectations.
Here are 4 mistakes that every buyer should avoid while dealing in gemstone jewelry.
1. Buying online without asking for a sample:
If you are looking for some really good discounts, opt for the online gemstone jewelry stores. However, the major challenge in buying gemstones online is the kind of color and quality you will get in the first place. Due to device restrictions, most buyers have a hard time trying to figure out the color of the gemstone.
The color revealed on the mobile phone or the laptop or desktop is often different from the one that a natural gemstone exhibits in reality. Moreover, the setting of the gemstone on bracelets, pendants, rings or other jewelry items may not be as perfect as those seen on retail shops. Despite, return and replacement offers, buying a gemstone online should be the second alternative for buyers.
Tip: Always seek a demonstration of the gemstone before ordering the jewelry collection.
2. Not sticking to the budget:
Most buyers are so awed by the gemstone jewelry collection that they extend their budget without a second thought. Overindulgence and too much exploration into the jewelry collection of gemstones can easily take you over the set budget.
Tip: Figure out the per carat cost of different gemstones in the jewelry set. If your budget does not allow the real gemstones, replace them with the lab-manufactured artificial ones or with the secondary gemstones having similar color and appearance.
3. Buying a stone that does not serve the purpose:
Birthstones like sapphires, diamonds, rubies, emeralds, amethyst, aquamarine gemstones and many more gemstones have the special purpose to serve. They come with healing and curing effects that can drastically transform the outcome of many individual activities. Most buyers shop for the gemstones as per the recommendations of an astrologer or a gemologist. However, ignorance about other gemstones on jewelry can neutralize the effect of the primary gemstone.
Tip: Before shopping, list out the names of all the complementary gemstones that you can possibly fit into the jewelry collection.
4. Missing out on the research:
Most buyers have no clue what they are buying. That’s why they get it wrong the first time they try out gemstone jewelry.
Natural gemstones obviously rake in higher cost compared to the ones manufactured artificially in the lab. However, even the natural ones extracted from different parts of the world may have distinct price gaps. For instance, Burma rubies and sapphires are costlier than the ones from Africa. Same is applicable for garnets, emeralds and aquamarine.
Tip: Start with modest research on the gemstones before buying them for a jewelry collection.
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Knowledge is power and it is imperative to reveal myriad secrets that renowned philosophers adorned in their lifetime. One of them was a bead of gemstones and rings that ensured that their spiritual journey never ended abruptly. However, with time, the importance of the gemstones in empowering a human being with mystic powers has vanished. This article is an attempt to rediscover the worth of gemstones that were once known as the “Wisdom Rocks”.
Here are top 5 gemstones that every human must embrace to master knowledge.
Agate gemstone is often referred to as the spiritual rock by most astrologers. It is a rare variety of chalcedony that has the deep connection with the ancestral roots of the individual. Knowledge about one’s past is just as important as predicting future. The specks of the vibrant colors look like the rainbow and hence symbolize the inner stability, confidence, and maturity that every human is expected to display.
Ajoite is a cosmic gemstone believed to strengthen the metaphysical and spiritual faculties in the person wearing it. It is a highly revered gemstone that helps communicate with angels and spirits. The bluish green angelic gemstone improves the concentration level in the person preparing for an important event in life. It improves consciousness and psychic knowing, which not many humans can master in their whole life.
Cavansite is a very uncommon gemstone revealing a brilliant blue and green hue. It is basically calcium vanadium silicate and found among zeolites. Wearing a Cavansite Gemstone amulet empowers the adorned with the knowledge of inner self. It improves the intuitive power and bridges the gap between the known and the unknown.
Blue cavansite crystal is also a symbolic representation of the ‘third eye’ of Lord Shiva.
Chrysoberyl belongs to the family of oxide minerals. It is identified from its dusty gold and white spar like appearance. From the spiritual point of view, the chrysoberyl gemstone is the most underrated collector’s item. Unlike other beryl elements like gold beryl, aquamarine, and emeralds, the chrysoberyl is a silicate. It is believed to open up the eyes and mind to the prophetic visions. Wearing chrysoberyl during exam preparation improves retention and reproduction of the ideas.
5. Turkish purple jade:
The purple jade gemstone is a collector’s delight. Not only is it very rare, it is also the secret ammunition for philosophers who carry it for good luck and fortune. It has a cosmic connection with planet Jupiter, the planet of luck, wealth, and knowledge.
Purple jade evokes inquisitive attitude in the individual adorning it. It can be worn from a very young age. By the time the child reaches adolescence, purple jade too becomes a part of the far-reaching popularity owing to the child’s intelligence and maturity. Also called “Dreamer’s Stone”, the purple jade is the window into what future holds.
Gemstones for knowledge also neutralize the negativity that comes with abundant knowledge. These gemstones restore the ego balance.
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Gemstones, thanks to their rarity and antiquity, are the coolest gifting stuff you can even extend to your loved ones. They may not be the ‘first choice’ of most buyers when it comes to gifting them to someone. Compared to perfumes, accessories, gold or even dressing material, gemstones lag way behind in the race to be top choices for gifting items. Why so?
The first reason is obviously the lack of knowledge about the various gemstones. There are over 250 different types of gemstones that fall in the categories of precious, semi-precious and artificial stones. Moreover, there is so much confusion about the quality of gemstones available in the market that it is a tough call to make on natural gemstones.
This article is about 5 gifting ideas that make gemstones the safest choice to delve.
1. Birthstone pendants:
All you have to pull this trick off the hat is to find out the month of birth of the person! For each of the months in the year, there is a specific gemstone. So, you have at least 12 gemstone options to explore.
Birthstones based on month
January: Garnet Gemstones
February: Amethyst Beads
March: Aquamarine Stone
May: Green Emerald Gemstone
June: Pearl & Alexandrite Beads
July: Ruby Beads
August: Peridot, Spinel, Sardonyx
September: Sapphire Gemstone
October: Tourmaline & Opal Gemstone
November: Topaz & Citrine Gemstone
December: Tanzanite, & Turquoise Beads
2. Colored stones are ravishing for any occasion:
Be it the Valentine’s Day, birthday, anniversary or just a happy occasion you wish to celebrate, pick a colored gemstone that will glitter for years. Top colored stones that are most preferred for any occasion are rubies, garnet, emerald, sapphires and topaz. Pink-colored diamonds are also great gifting gemstones for both men and women.
3. Accessories studded with gemstones:
Apart from the obvious gemstone jewelry, you can also opt for gemstone studded accessories. Top items studded with diamonds, garnets, rubies and emeralds are broaches, hair pins, kaftan buttons, shoes and belts. Latest engineering also allows gemstones to be perched on high-quality eye glass frames.
4. Healing tablets:
Do you find your loved ones stuck in mess or do they have difficulty coping with health, emotional or professional obstacles? Gifting a healing tablet made of gemstone is the best idea for every season. Consult with an astrologer and pick a gemstone that will best suit the personality of the recipient of the gift.
To make things to understand, craft a letter to symbolize your intention about gifting the healing tablet made of gemstone. Translucent and opaque gemstones are best for long-term sustenance.
5. Gemstone figurines:
Gemstones can be cut into any shape resembling the figures of animals, fishes, birds or the most revered god. They can also be cut into familiar shapes like hearts, dew drops, balls and florets. They can be rearranged onto bracelets, necklace or even key rings. When placed on the bracelet etched with the name of the recipient, the gemstone figurines turn into an auspicious gift for celebratory occasions.
There are so many more options from the best gemstone gifting galleries like pens, vase, crystal balls and phones studded with gemstones.
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In less than 50 years, cancer has grown to become the largest killer disease. It spares no one. Men, women and even kids are inflicted with cancer. It is actually an uncontrolled growth of a tissue or cell which eats into the immunity of the body leaving it with no option but to perish.
Despite advancement in medicine, surgery, and preventive diagnosis, cancer remains just as dangerous as it was in the 20th century. However, use of gemstones can not only protect people from cancer but also ease the pain that comes with the disease. In some cases, people wearing gemstones have come back to lead a perfectly normal death after staring at obvious death.
This article is about 3 gemstones that have show miraculous healing results against cancer of all types.
Amber is a natural gemstone that falls in the category of organic substances with high commercial value. It is basically a fossilized tree sap and has been associated with mysterious vibrations that set in the body when worn. Not all tree saps fossilize to become the amber gemstone. Only Pinus succinifera tree does it, and it takes more than 50 million years. The Golden yellow color of the amber gemstone absorbs the power of the cosmic world to assist the body in forming new cells that can fight carcinogens.
A powerful healer in every sense, wearing amber or placing it under the pillow during sleep rejuvenates the damaged cells, tissues, and organs. It is effective against cancers of the bladder, liver, kidney, mouth cancer, and blood.
The most enticing stone that contributes immensely in the fight against cancer is the green emerald gemstone. Also called panna, green emerald was once valued 1000 times more than diamond. The astrologers recommended the kings and the high priests to adorn emerald in their crowns and turban to safeguard their immunity and seek protection against cancer, which was more of an off-set disease then.
Emerald shields the body against the malefic agents in the nature that enter the body through food, water, intercourse or by mere thoughts. It is a cleansing gemstone and is rightly called the “Wisdom Stone”.
It is effective against the cancers of the face, throat, lungs and blood. Mothers wearing emerald right through their pregnancy make a formidable barrier for their babies against cancer in the later stages.
Malachite is another powerful anti-cancer gemstone that derives its name from the leaves of the mallow tree. It is basically a copper carbonate compound with tissue-like structure. In ancient astrology, the malachite gemstone was attributed as having the miraculous power to heal injuries and rejuvenate dead tissues.
In fact, the Pharaohs of Egypt wore armor and crown made of malachite to protect their body from cancerous growth. It not only promotes good health among men, the malachite gemstone is also effective against sexually transmitted diseases, brain disorders and age-related diseases.
Other gemstones that have shown obvious healing properties against cancer are Blue Tourmaline, Carnelian, Amethyst and Smoky Quartz gemstone.
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Since time immemorial, gemstones have been used as a curing and healing entity. There are many gemstones that are worn to drive energy and heal gaps in the personality. Like in most cultures, the balance in life is attributed to the balancing forces—the male and the female, the Alpha and the Omega, or the Ying and Yang.
Here are 5 gemstones for married women.
Also called Pukhraj, yellow sapphire is a befitting gemstone for married women who have husbands engaged in the risky occupation. Risky operations like firefighting, policing, mining, sailing, and motorsports can be very dangerous to life and mental health. Women wear yellow sapphire beads to protect their husbands from danger. Moreover, yellow sapphire also improves marital relationship. It guarantees peace, harmony, and bliss till eternity.
Choicest alternatives to yellow sapphire are citrine and yellow topaz.
White, pink and blue pearls are all recommended for married women. In fact, pearls symbolize the chastity of a woman. Pearl is especially beneficial in improving blood circulation and nervous coordination. With a pearl on the forefinger, women seldom go berserk with their rage and aggression. For anger management, women should wear a pearl on the silver brace.
Spiritually, pearl neutralizes the influence of light on the personality. Owing to its connection with Water and Moon, wearing a pearl facilitates the maturity of sensuousness and inner consciousness.
Moonstone Beads have always been a mystery stone for most individuals. Like women, it has a vibrant character and it changes with the perspective you look at it. Moonstone has a tangible association with Moon. Blue moonstone is of special mention in a woman’s collection of the gemstone. Also referred to as the Cat’s Eye, Blue Moonstone governs the sense of deep thought and consciousness. It calms the mind and controls the fickle nature that most women complain about.
Rainbow moonstone is the birthstone for June and July. For those facing turbulences in life arising out of relationship or finances, wearing a rainbow moonstone can diffuse all the negative energies.
Also called moonga, red coral is known to empower the planet Mars. It is of special importance for the married women who have a history of miscarriages, stillbirths and congenital diseases in their family. At the time of the wedding, the bride is made to wear bangles and rings studded with natural red coral. Its association with blood and genital area makes it a wonderful gemstone to overcome menstrual issues like painful periods or irregular events.
Red coral should not be worn with yellow sapphire and emeralds.
Emeralds for men and peridot for women; that’s how it goes for married couples. The age long secret of a happy marriage is wearing peridot with blue topaz. Peridot gives protective powers to fight against the evil forces, especially during pregnancy and post-partum. It regulates the life cycle, as well as alleviates fear and pain.
Sacred texts on gemstones reveal how gemstones can influence the feminine energy chakras. That explains why astrologers recommend exclusive gemstones women who are facing some issues in life that no medicine can treat or alleviate.
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Emeralds have been listed as one of the nine most revered gemstones on Earth. In many Asian cultures, these beryl gemstones are considered as therapeutic elements to cure many bodily, mind and spiritual defects and damages. It is rightly called the “Stone of Unconditional Love”, wearing the emerald close to the heart and on the ring finger brings vitality to the soul and strengthens the relationship.
For unmarried men and women wearing an emerald is the best “dating” booster. However, the long list of benefits can be enjoyed only when you choose a gemstone that is flawless and exudes all the properties of a genuine emerald.
Here are 4 things to keep in mind while choosing an emerald.
Dig into the source of the gemstone. Believe it or not— natural gemstones considered to be of the best quality come from Asian and North American countries. Emeralds mined from different parts of the world exhibit a varied range of green color. However, the only choice that the buyer has to make is to pick the darker shades over the lighter ones.
All top gemstone sellers have to necessarily put the information tag revealing the source of the gemstone. Look out for gemstones from Afghanistan, Australia, Canada, China, Colombia, Spain, USA, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
The best emerald beads are the ones that satisfy the 4 C conditions. Consistent color and clarity, definite cuts and accurate carat weight—these are the exact parameters that no buyer should miss while buying an emerald. The darker emeralds have a higher concentration of chromium and vanadium. Look out for the absolute concentration levels of these ions as they are not considered ideal for long-term contact.
Similarly, test the emerald under X-ray spectroscopy to verify if the gemstone has any flaws, fissures or cracks inside it.
Real versus synthetic:
Thanks to the technology, many emerald gemstone sellers also offer synthetically manufactured stones at a much cheaper rate. However, the validity of their usefulness is still a dubious aspect. Many astrologers suggest that the synthetic emeralds are just as good as the real ones as they have the same composition and the color gradient as the naturally occurring emeralds.
Most top selling gemstone showrooms clearly distinguish between their natural and synthetic collections. However, what they won’t tell the buyer is the quality and the technology used to manufacture them. Do they have silica in them? Are they artificially dyed? Are they irradiated to look brilliant?
These are some of the doubts that every emerald buyer should clarify with the gemstone dealer before buying.
The warmness of the gemstone:
When placed on the hand, the emerald seems to exude warmth even in sub-zero temperature. Emerald is a very congenial gemstone. It goes well with almost every personality. Essentially the birthstone for May, emeralds are also worn by people suffering from relationship issues and those with known history of liver, heart and kidney ailments. The warmness of the emerald is what attracts the buyer.
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Most buyers think that gemstones are evaluated like diamonds. Diamonds are graded based on four physical factors, what we know as the 4 Cs. They are:
• Carat weight
While these 4 Cs are applicable to most gemstones that are opaque and lustrous, there are many more that are opaque like the pearl gemstone, chalcedony gemstones, lapis lazuli, Jadeite gemstone, Carnelian and so on. So, how to pick such gemstones and evaluate their value?
This article is about evaluating the gemstones based on not just the 4 Cs but also moving beyond these usual parameters.
Here are 5 ways a gemstone buyer can establish the exact worth of any gemstone—clear or opaque.
The Source of Gemstone:
There are hundreds of gemstone mines from where world-class grades are extracted. They are then sent to laboratories for cutting, refining and color enhancement procedures. The quality of the gemstone is then established based on the clarity and the physical attributes comparable with the benchmark items.
So, verify the source of the gemstone to evaluate its market value.
Flaws and cracks:
If the gemstone is flawed by any chance, the prices will vary. However, a flawed diamond will still be pegged at a higher order in terms of price as compared to a pure ruby or for that matter, emerald. However, there are many methods by which these flaws can be systematically wiped out or hidden. Thus, the prices of these gemstones with cracked surface still have significantly higher value in the market.
The reason is the amount of effort and resources put to make them look genuine.
This is another factor that can help the buyer estimate the price of the gemstone. Reengineering is done to make the gemstone achieve the comparable ratings of the 4Cs. However, they are more about turning the primary natural gemstone into the saleable item of collection by using different methods like irradiation and laser cutting.
Gemstone re-engineering can transform the physical attributes of the stone drastically.
Hardness and brittleness:
Not all gemstones showcase the same degree of hardness as diamond. In fact, most of the commercially available gemstones have a hardness ranging between 5 and 7.5 on the Mohs scale. Hence, choosing a gemstone with good hardness is very important especially if it is intended to be worn as an accessory for a very long time. Not only will a hard gemstone resist the impact of scratches and cracks, it will also be less brittle.
Evenness of the Color Tone:
Different gemstones exhibit the wide range of colors. Some appear to be distinct while others are part of the various optical phenomena demonstrated under the light. The color shown in the showroom should be the same as shown in the catalogue.
Gemstones of the same family may have two varieties—‘light’ and ‘very dark’ colors. The price usually varies depending on the versatility of the color. Look for hints revealing dyed parts and glass works inside the gemstone.
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In the big world of gemstones, no two stones are alike or comparable. Each gemstone comes with its own set of stories and use. However, there are some gemstones with uncanny resemblance when it comes to their structure, appearance and healing properties. The similarity is so obvious that the gemstones are called substitutes.
The same is true for Peridot gemstone, a widely accepted substitute for Emeralds. In fact, Peridot is often referred to as the “Evening Emerald”. It gained massive popularity following the celebrity status that Egyptian queen Cleopatra bestowed on it.
For very long time, peridot was sold as emerald till the gemologists established a clear distinction between the two gemstones.
Let us take a closer look at peridot before identifying it as a substitute for emerald gemstones.
The background story: An Overview on Peridot:
Peridot is basically a silicate gemstone belonging to the family of olivine. It is distinct from the rest of the olivine members by virtue of high concentration of magnesium ions in its structure. The following properties are associated with the period.
- Orthorhombic crystal structure
- Olive-green color, very similar to emerald
- Glassy, lustrous appearance with refractive index of 1.66
- Poor cleavage with Mohs hardness of 7
Peridot is often confused as a part of the emerald family due to its obvious green tinge and refractive index. In fact, even churches of the ancient order bestowed peridot with highest attributes.
How is Peridot different from emeralds?
Emerald is a beryl gemstone with the high concentration of chromium and vanadium ions. The green color is attributed to these ions. Compared to the peridot, emeralds showcase a totally different crystal structure. While peridot has an orthorhombic structure, emerald has hexagonal lattice arrangement.
Secondly, emeralds are harder than peridot. Peridot can be easily scratched by emerald which proves this fact. On Mohs scale, emerald has the hardness between 7.5 and 8. Both emeralds and peridots have a lustrous appearance but emerald has a lower refractive index.
In terms of clarity, color and saturation, emeralds offer a wide range of variety ranging from yellow-green to bluish green and even white. While green is the primary hue of the emeralds, yellow and blue are also part of the collection. On the other hand, peridots are mostly available in yellow-green and dark green-brown shades. Blue-green peridots are very rare but still attributed as existing.
Is peridot a good substitute for emerald?
No, peridot and emerald are different gemstones. While emerald is the birthstone for the month of May, peridot is the birthstone for August. Peridot is commonly sold in the market with the names of olivine and chrysolite. While the sources of emeralds are mostly concentrated in the Asian sub-continent, peridot mines are more wide-spread geographically. Mysteriously, some of the peridot gems are even found to have an extra-terrestrial origin, which is not at all true for the emeralds.
Therefore, mixing up peridot as a substitute for the emeralds may not be a great thing to do. However, look-wise, both are equally dazzling and valuable with high commercial returns.
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Rubies, like all other gemstones, are evaluated on the basis of their color, clarity, carat and cut. Most buyers find it hard to distinguish between a natural ruby and an artificial one. Due to heavy market demands, the gemstone dealers often supply heat-treated rubies to the buyers. The heat treated rubies are brighter and are found to have less natural flaws. However, the healing properties that a ruby is known for are often missing in the artificial varieties.
Thus it is very important to understand what natural rubies look like, and learn how to distinguish them from the synthetic or heat-treated ones.
1. Hardness test:
Natural rubies are virtually indestructible. With a hardness of 9.0 on Mohs scale, they are closest to diamonds in the gemstone family. They are hardly scratched and remain physically crack-proof for years. If the ruby is scratched by other gemstones, it is definite that the ruby has been artificially polished or irradiated to hide away blemishes.
The rubies show a unique optical phenomenon not visible in other gemstones. Asterism, also called as the “Star effect”, is prominent in rubies cut in cabochons. Considering the fact that the natural rubies are the most stable form of aluminum silicates in the gemstone family, the star effect is rather very prominent. Asterism is mostly seen when a constant streak of light is passed through the gemstone, and it glows like a star. Asterism occurs due to the presence of natural impurities in the rubies. In Blue sapphires and pink rubies, this phenomenon is largely attributed to the Titanium oxide present in the crystal in the form of needles and rutile. Thus, a pure natural ruby is very hard to find, especially if the buyer is looking for a gemstone with flawless clarity.
Synthetic ones reveal only 5% of the star effect that is observed in a natural set.
3. A size of the rubies:
Rubies are mostly available in standard sizes measuring 5mm x 3mm, 6mm x 4mm etc. However, this is only exclusive to rubies cut in oval shape. Calibrated cuts result in sizeable weight loss, which is often considered as a loss for the dealer. Thus, rubies are left uncut or at most given a round brilliant cut.
The size of the rubies decides the color maximization, brilliance, and clarity of the gemstone. Inclusions are often removed by grinding or faceting along the plane that contains the inclusion.
4. Color test:
The finest rubies are neither pink nor red. They are more like scarlet shade, resembling the eye of the pigeon to be exact. However, rubies in other colors like red, orange, brown, burnt brown, grey, champagne, golden and tangerine are also found, and highly revered.
Depending on the hue, saturation, and tone of the color, the value of rubies is established.
5. Misleading terms and genuine certificate:
Buyers are duped by sellers into buying rubies sold with dubious names like balas ruby and rubellite. Some glass crystals, spinels, and quartz are also marketed wrongly as rubies. The heat treatment test is best to identify the pure ruby. However, gem laboratories offer certificate on rubies to benefit the buyers. Always check it.
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